History Of Bharatpur
Bharatpur was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD, as an impregnable
well fortified city, carved out of the region formerly known as Mewat. The
place was named as Bharatpur after the name of Bharat, the brother of Lord
Rama, whose other brother Laxman was worshiped as the family deity of the
Bharatpur. Since long, Bharatpur has been dominated by Jats. Today Bharatpur
is better known for the Keoladeo Natinal Park, a unique bird place, delight
of ornithologists. Of the remnants of the royal past remain the marvelous
Bharatpur Palace housing a rich repository of a large number of ancient
exhibits that date back to the early 15th century.
Bharatpur is popular for its bird sanctuary near the Keoladeo Ghana
National Park, which is the finest in Asia with a rich avian variety. Every
year, the rare Siberian cranes come to spend the winter in the warmer
climate of Bharatpur. Some 377 species have been spotted at Bharatpur
Sanctuary, making it one of the most inviting destinations in the world for
ornithologists, amateurs and nature lovers. Various species of indigenous
water birds, waterside birds, migratory water birds, land migratory birds,
and domestic land species are found here.
The massive iron structure built in the early 18th century. With its
impregnable defenses, it sustained itself even after a number of British
attacks. The fort was conceived and designed by Maharaja Suraj Mal, the
founder of Bharatpur.
Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj
A few of the eight imposing towers still stand erect within the glorious
ramparts of the fort. Especially two of them - Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj
are of special interest. These were built by Maharaja Suraj Mal to
commemorate his victories over the Mughals and British respectively.
This royal edifice is a fusion of the Mughal and Rajput architectural
styles with magnificent apartments and intricately designed floor tiles
having interesting patterns.
A rich collection of artifacts, exquisitely carved sculptures and ancient
inscriptions can be admired in the Government Museum located in the palace.
All these items speak volumes about the rich heritage and art and crafts of
the region. more...
Keoladeo National Park
Once the royal hunting reserve of the princes of Bharatpur, it is one of
the finest bird sanctuaries in the world, inundated with over 400 species of